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  Current Issue
2014 Vol.1 Issue.9,Published 2014-09-15

ZHU Jin-Yu, LI Rui-Yun
2014 Vol. 1 (9): 1-4 [Abstract] ( 406 ) [HTML 1KB] [ PDF 1031KB] ( 723 )
5 Analysis about Present Status of Global Cauliflower Production and Its Trade
LI Wen-Ping, LIN Jun-Cheng, HUANG Ke
The world trade market of cauliflower(Brassica oleracea L. var. botrytis L.)used to be occupied mainly by western countries.Untill 2011,the total ammount of world cauliflower inport trade was 8.701 78 billion dallars,which was increased 39.30 times of that in 1961.The total ammount of world cauliflower export trade was 11.363 3 billion dallars,which was increased 68.79 times of that in 1961.In recent 50 years,cauliflower cultivation areas in China were increased 11.28 times and the totall production was increased 22.09 times.China has become the largest cauliflower producing country in the world,but her yield level and position in world trade market is not high.Based on the statistics of USDA,this paper analyzed the present situation of global cauliflower production and trade.At the same time,the paper also analyzed the present situation of cauliflower production in China,and put forward suggestions for the development of China’s cauliflower industry.
2014 Vol. 1 (9): 5-10 [Abstract] ( 608 ) [HTML 1KB] [ PDF 1453KB] ( 1318 )
11 Research Progress on Garlic Allelopathy and Its Utilization
DING Hai-Yan, CHENG Zhi-Hui
In recent years,studies on Garlic(Allium sativum L.)allelopathic effect are increasing day by day. Its utilization in agricultural production has gradually been found out. This paper mainly focuses on the discussion about discovery of garlic allelopathy phenomena,allelopathy mechanism,identification of allelochemicals,allelopathy utilization,research methods,etc. The paper also conducts comprehensive review on existing problems and development direction of garlic allelopathy research.
2014 Vol. 1 (9): 11-16 [Abstract] ( 531 ) [HTML 1KB] [ PDF 1127KB] ( 876 )
17 Effect of Substrate Relative Water Content in Seedling Hardening Stage on Storage Characteristics of Cucumber Seedling
LI Juan-Qi, YANG Tian, PAN Xiao-Bing, TIAN Yong-Qiang, ZHAO Jing-Wen, CHEN Qing-Yun, GAO Li-Hong
To explore the effect of substrate moisture in seedling hardening stage on storage characteristics of commercial cucumber seedling,substrates of cucumber seedlings in hardening stage were treated with different water contents, their growth indicators related to quality during different storaging time,and the recovered growth indicators after transplanting were also measured. Single and composite indicators for evaluating storaging quality of cucumber seedlings were screened. The results show that with the increase of storaging time,the leaf integrity index,starch contents,and leaf growth rate of cucumber seedlings under all substrate moisture treatments were decreased. On the whole,storage for 0 day(direct transplanting),under treatment with substrate relative water content between 45%-55 %,the seedlings grown had the best recovery after transplanting. Storage for 2 days,under treatments with substrate relative water content between 30%-40% or 45%-55 % in seedling hardening stage,the various indicators of cucumber seedlings and their recovery abilities after transplanting presented well.Storage for 4 days,seedling quality deterioration was obvious,but there were no significant differences between all treatments. Storage for 6 days,only under the treatment with substrate relative water content between 75%-85%,the cucumber seedlings could resume growth after transplanting. By correlation analysis we concluded that the leaf integrity index of cucumber seedlings in storaging period had the highest correlation coefficient with their growth resume abilities after transplanting,which could be taken as the single indicator. Through path analysis,we believed that the composite index of‘soluble sugar content(mg· g-1 ,FW)+86.24 specific leaf weight (g·dm-2)-474.56 underground root dry weight(g) ’could well reflect the seedling growth recovery ability after transplanting .
2014 Vol. 1 (9): 17-22 [Abstract] ( 498 ) [HTML 1KB] [ PDF 1360KB] ( 722 )
23 Resistance Identification of Watermelon and Melon Varieties and their Germplasm Resources in Heilongjiang Province against Acidovorax avenae
LIU Xin-Xin, WANG Wen-Bo, PAN Chun-Qing, MIAO Di, WANG Xue-Zheng, HONG Feng, ZHANG Yan-Ju
In this study,in-door seedling-inoculation method was used to identify the resistance of 16 cultivars and 84 germplasm resources collected from Heilongjiang against Acidovorax avenae. Among the 10 watermelon cultivars,‘Xinhongbao’,‘Jingxin No.1’,‘Shuangkangdadilei’,‘Tedaqinghongbao’,‘Chaofeng F1’ and‘ Qingfa No.7’ were mid-resistant,‘Jingfengbao’ and‘Qihongxigua’ were mid-susceptible,and‘ Jifu No.2’,‘Qingnong No.1’ were susceptible. Among the 6 melon cultivars,‘Qitian No.1’,‘Yongtian No.3’and‘Longtian No.3’ were mid-resistant,‘Ribentianbao’ and‘ Longtian No.1’were moderate susceptible,and‘ Bentian No.3’ was susceptible.No high resistant and immune cultivar was found in watermelon and melon cultivars. Among the 49 melon germplasms the resistant resources accounted for 57.1%. X11-3,X11-1 and X11-8 were high resistant. Among the 35 watermelon germplasms,the resistant resources accounted for 48.6%,11W005 and 11W003 were high resistant.
2014 Vol. 1 (9): 23-26 [Abstract] ( 594 ) [HTML 1KB] [ PDF 1111KB] ( 569 )
27 Identification of Alien Radish Chromosome in Backcross Progeny of Tai-tsai and Radish Addition Line by FISH Technology
ZHAO Hong, MA Yun-Qi, DING Yun-Hua
Nineteen plants from the backcross progeny BC4A3d derived from backcrossing radish additional line with tai-tsai were analyzed by using fluorescence in situ hybridization(FISH)technology with radish genomic probe pURsN to detect the exogenous radish chromosome in the backcross individuals,so as to confirm the added radish chromosome in the backcross progenies.The results showed that except BC4A3d-45 had no additional exogenous radish chromosome,other 18 plants of the backcross progeny were added an alien radish chromosome.This result is consistent with that of the previous molecular marker identification.
2014 Vol. 1 (9): 27-29 [Abstract] ( 455 ) [HTML 1KB] [ PDF 1360KB] ( 550 )
30 Control Efficacy of Streptomyces roseoflavus on Root-knot Nematode and Its Influence on Soil Microbiota
QIAO Dan-Na, ZHANG Yan-Jie, LI Hua-Yi, SHEN Feng-Ying, LI Zhen-Zhen, LIU Da-Qun, LI Ya-Ning
Both fermentation broth and solid state fermentation of Streptomyces roseoflavus Menmyco-93-63 isolate were used for controlling tomato and cucumber root-knot nematode. The control efficacy and its effect on soil microbiota were studied. The results showed that the control efficacy of the treatment on cucumber and tomato by 1 V∶200 V solid state fermentation of Men-myco-93-63 were 65.62% and 57.69%,respectively. The application of bio-agents has increased the number of bacteria and actinomyces in soil by 19.57% and 316.67%,respectively,while the number of fungi reduced by 28.57%. The three kinds of the cultivable soil microorganism raised from 7.40×106 cfu·g-1 to 16.75×106 cfu·g-1,amount to 126.35%.
2014 Vol. 1 (9): 30-36 [Abstract] ( 508 ) [HTML 1KB] [ PDF 1965KB] ( 753 )
37 A New Non-heading Chinese Cabbage F1 Hybrid—‘Sujun 018’
HUANG Zhi-Yin, ZHANG Bin, WEN Feng-Ying, LIU Xiao-Hui, LUO Zhi-Min, WANG Chao-Nan, LI Mei
‘Sujun 018’ is a new non-heading Chinese cabbage F1 hybrid bred by crossing 2 self-incompatible lines 07 Chaojisiji-3s and 08 Dongshangweichangye-1s. It grows rapidly with beautiful and up-right plant type. Its leave blade is of oval shape. The leaves are glossy dark green in color,with appropreate width,longer and bright green petioles. It has good early maturity. It takes 20 days from sowing to harvesting in summer and autumn seasons.Its yield rapidly increases 25 days after sowing. Its harvesting period is longer. The reasonable planting density is 3 cm in plant space and 5 cm in row space. It can yield high and is resistance to diseases. It is also tolarant to cold,bolting and medium tolerant to heat. It can grow all over the country at 4 seasons with wide adaptability.
2014 Vol. 1 (9): 37-39 [Abstract] ( 445 ) [HTML 1KB] [ PDF 1122KB] ( 490 )
40 A New Eggplant F1 Hybrid ——‘Hanongzaqie No.4’
YU Zhen-Hua, XIE Li-Bo, LI Ye
‘Hanongzaqie No.4’ is a F1 hybrid eggplant developed by taking 12039-1-1 as female parent and T148 as male parent. The plant grows vigorously. And the plant is 70.9 cm in height and 63.8 cm in width. It is of early maturity.It takes 105 days from sowing to hrvaesting. Its fruit is of long rod Shape. The average singel fruit weight is about 160 g. Its fruit is 23.9 cm in length,4.3 cm in diameter with good commodity. The fruit peel is purple black,glossy,with green loop and even color. Its resistance to verticillium wilt,tobacco mosaic virus is stronger than that of the control‘ Qizaqie No. 2’. It can yield about 46.5 t·hm-2. It is suitable to be grown in purple eggplant produicng areas.
2014 Vol. 1 (9): 40-41 [Abstract] ( 523 ) [HTML 1KB] [ PDF 1074KB] ( 628 )
42 A New Radish F1 Hybrid—‘Jinluobo No.4’
WU Ling-Xuan, LIU Zhao, WANG Jing
‘Jinluobo No.4’ is a F1 hybrid autumn radish developed by crossing the male sterile line 4-01A as female parent with the inbred line 03-37-1 as male parent. Its growth period is 80 days. It has good quality and high yield. It is tolerant to heat and resistant to diseases. It has good commodity. The root is of cylindrical shape with smooth skin. Its upgrond part is green in color,and the under ground part is white. Its leaves are semi-erect and sparse. Its flesh is sweet and crisp,and the water content is moderate. The single root is 30 cm in length,7-8 cm in diameter,and 1.5 kg in weight. It can yield about 75 t·hm-2. This variety is suitable for cultivation in Shanxi Province and the surrounding areas.
2014 Vol. 1 (9): 42-43 [Abstract] ( 458 ) [HTML 1KB] [ PDF 1071KB] ( 411 )
44 A New Carrot F1 Hybrid —‘Jinhong No.6’
CHEN Yuan-Min, WANG Yong, ZHANG Yan-Ping, LI Jing-Qi, LIAN Yong, ZHAO Yan, WANG Bao-Sheng
A new carrot F1 hybrid‘Jinhong No.6 ’was raised by breeding technology with petaloid carrot male sterile line 10570 as female parent and 30302-2 as male parent. Its growth period is about 100 days. The root is of long cylinder shape. The color of epidermis,flesh,cambium and pith is orange red. The root is 19-21 cm in length and 4.5-5.0 cm in diameter. The average single root weight is 230-250 g. It can yield over 67.5 t·hm-2. It is suitable to be planted in spring in northern China.
2014 Vol. 1 (9): 44-45 [Abstract] ( 420 ) [HTML 1KB] [ PDF 1084KB] ( 524 )
46 Underground Pest Species and their Occurrence Regulation of Radish
JIAO Zhen-Biao, JIAO Zhong-Jiu, WU Jin-Ping, QIU Zheng-Ming
To study the underground pest species and their occurrence regulation,field surveys were carried out from 2010 to 2013,by black light lamp trap method at alpine redish(Raphanus sativus) production base with 1 800 m altitude in Huoshaoping Town Changyang County of Hubei Province. The results showed that there were 11 species of alpine radish underground pests belonged to 4 orders and 7 families. Among them Agrotis ypsilonPhyllotreta striolata and Delia platrua were dominant insect pests,which could cause serious damage. A. ypsilon had great population density in mid,late June,and mid July. P. striolata had great population densitiy in August.D. platura was found in radish fields with great population density in May. This paper suggests taking A. ypsilonP.striolata and D. platura as main targets for developing underground pest forecasting and management strategy.
2014 Vol. 1 (9): 46-48 [Abstract] ( 496 ) [HTML 1KB] [ PDF 1230KB] ( 629 )
ZHANG Yuan-Guo, YANG Xiao-Dong, ZHANG Lin, WEI Jia-Peng, LIU Shu-Sen, XU Li-Gong, WANG Lin-Wu
2014 Vol. 1 (9): 49-51 [Abstract] ( 389 ) [HTML 1KB] [ PDF 1162KB] ( 673 )
LU Fu-Cheng, ZHANG Jing-Fang, ZHANG Zhong-Guo
2014 Vol. 1 (9): 52-53 [Abstract] ( 351 ) [HTML 1KB] [ PDF 1142KB] ( 416 )
2014 Vol. 1 (9): 54-55 [Abstract] ( 328 ) [HTML 1KB] [ PDF 1170KB] ( 501 )
2014 Vol. 1 (9): 56-57 [Abstract] ( 349 ) [HTML 1KB] [ PDF 1025KB] ( 390 )
2014 Vol. 1 (9): 57-59 [Abstract] ( 310 ) [HTML 1KB] [ PDF 1092KB] ( 417 )
CHAI A-Li, FANG Ling, WU Lan-Ping, SHI Yan-Xia, XIE Xue-Wen, LI Bao-Ju
2014 Vol. 1 (9): 60-61 [Abstract] ( 437 ) [HTML 1KB] [ PDF 1036KB] ( 577 )
ZHANG Ping-Xi, GAO Bi-Da, WANG Xiao-Li, WANG Zhong-Mei, XIAO Bao-Gang
2014 Vol. 1 (9): 62-64 [Abstract] ( 413 ) [HTML 1KB] [ PDF 1443KB] ( 505 )
LU Jin-Sheng, ZHANG Bao-Dong, LIU Guo-Dong, XIANG Yu-Miao, JIANG Wei-Jie, YU Hong-Jun
2014 Vol. 1 (9): 65-69 [Abstract] ( 385 ) [HTML 1KB] [ PDF 1492KB] ( 546 )
SHANG Qing-Mao
2014 Vol. 1 (9): 70-72 [Abstract] ( 415 ) [HTML 1KB] [ PDF 1041KB] ( 645 )
WANG Yi-Kui, LI Wen-Jia, JIANG Ya-Qin, LI Yan, KANG De-Xian, WU Yong-Guan
2014 Vol. 1 (9): 73- [Abstract] ( 450 ) [HTML 1KB] [ PDF 1315KB] ( 504 )
XU Li-Gong, HAN Tai-Li
2014 Vol. 1 (9): 74-76 [Abstract] ( 362 ) [HTML 1KB] [ PDF 1187KB] ( 527 )
ZHANG Yong-Jia
2014 Vol. 1 (9): 76-77 [Abstract] ( 345 ) [HTML 1KB] [ PDF 1140KB] ( 438 )
LI Qiang, LIU Yang, ZHANG Feng-Ying, KANG Ai-Guo
2014 Vol. 1 (9): 78-79 [Abstract] ( 415 ) [HTML 1KB] [ PDF 1521KB] ( 654 )
MAO Xiang-Hong, XU Peng
2014 Vol. 1 (9): 80-82 [Abstract] ( 375 ) [HTML 1KB] [ PDF 1117KB] ( 682 )
WEN Fan-Chun
2014 Vol. 1 (9): 83-85 [Abstract] ( 314 ) [HTML 1KB] [ PDF 1151KB] ( 490 )
ZHANG Yu-Mei, WANG Biao, YAO Lu-Min, WU Tian-Long
2014 Vol. 1 (9): 86-87 [Abstract] ( 333 ) [HTML 1KB] [ PDF 1475KB] ( 458 )
FAN Xue-Lian, ZHANG Qing, ZHAO Si-Dong, ZHANG Song-Bai, 吕Peng-Fei
2014 Vol. 1 (9): 87-88 [Abstract] ( 479 ) [HTML 1KB] [ PDF 1432KB] ( 559 )
LIN Zhi-Qiang, CHEN Shuang-Long
2014 Vol. 1 (9): 89-90 [Abstract] ( 503 ) [HTML 1KB] [ PDF 993KB] ( 555 )
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